The mountains of the Western Ghats are no snow-peaked Himalayas. But what they lack in height they make up for in biodiversity, harboring an impressive array of India’s wildlife.
- The Ghats are older than the Himalayas.
- Anaimudi (2695 m), is the highest peak of the Western Ghats, which is situated in Eravikulam National Park, Kerala.
- It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight “hottest hot-spots” of biological diversity in the world. It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India.
- It has over 7,402 species of flowering plants,1814 species of non-flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species, 6000 insects species and 290 freshwater fish species; it is likely that many undiscovered species live in the Western Ghats.
- At least 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats
- The Western Ghats are the main reason for the monsoon in the western coast of India and they receive a heavy amount of rainfall for more than half a year and these rainfall give birth to many famous rivers and waterfalls like river Kaveri, Periyar, Tungabhadra, Jog falls, Dudhsagar falls etc. These rivers alone combines drain to 40% of India alone.
- The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are the most species-rich ecologic region in peninsular India; eighty percent of the flowering plant species of the entire Western Ghats range are found in this ecologic region.
- The dense forests of western ghats contribute to the precipitation of the area by acting as a substrate for condensation of moist rising orographic winds from the sea, and releasing much of the moisture back into the air via transpiration, allowing it to later condense and fall again as rain.
- Silent Valey in Kerala is among the last tracts of virgin tropical evergreen forest in India.
Facts picked from wikipedia and wwf.